Anthrosphere framework for sustainable development theory

The anthrosphere model was introduced by Hardi and Zdan (1997) and extended by Bossel (1999). Their model focuses on three major systems, two of which include subsystems: the human system (comprised of individual development, the social system, and the government system), the support system (comprised of the economic system and infrastructure system), and natural system. These systems are outlined in this figure, which Jeff Galin adapted from Bossel (1999, p. 18) to reflect WAC concerns. Reprinted from Galin, J. R. (2010). Improving rather than proving: Self-administered sustainability mapping of WAC programs. Council of Writing Program Administrators Conference, Minneapolis, MN. See Cox, Galin, & Melzer, 2018, pp. 9-13.